Jacob Druckman, Reflections on the Nature of Water (1986)

Reflections on the Nature of Water is an exploration of water in the abstract. Its six distinctly different movements (I. Crystalline, II. Fleet, III. Tranquil, IV. Gently Swelling, V. Profound and VI. Relentless) consider the physical (the sound, touch, taste, and look of water, ice, and steam) and the conceptual (the role of water as we know it in nature, in our urban lives, and in ourselves). 
-Samuel Solomon

One of the most prominent of contemporary American composers, Jacob Druckman was born in Philadelphia in 1928. After early training in violin and piano, he enrolled in the Juilliard School in 1949, studying composition with Bernard Wagenaar, Vincent Persichetti, and Peter Mennin. In 1949 and 1950 he studied with Aaron Copland at Tanglewood; later, he continued his studies at the Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris (1954-55).

Druckman produced a substantial list of works embracing orchestral, chamber, and vocal media, and did considerable work with electronic music. In 1972, he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Windows, his first work for large orchestra. Druckman taught at the Juilliard School, Bard College, and Tanglewood; in addition he was director of the Electronic Music Studio and Professor of Composition at Brooklyn College. He was also associated with the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center in New York City. In the spring of 1982, he was Resident-In-Music at the American Academy in Rome; in April of that year, he was appointed composer-in-residence with the New York Philharmonic, where he served two two-year terms and was Artistic Director of the HORIZONS music festival. In the last years of his life, Druckman was Professor of Composition at the School of Music at Yale University. (Reprinted by kind permission of Boosey & Hawkes)